Screen printing mesh parameters

Mesh plays the single most important role in the screen printing process, therefore a basic knowledge of different types of meshes, their technical characteristics and possible applications is essential for any screen printer. Incorrectly chosen mesh can be a source of numerous problems and frustrations both at the screen preparation stage as well as during actual printing. Continue reading Screen printing mesh parameters »

Metal screen printing frames

Metal frames are usually made of steel or aluminum and are much more often used in professional screen printing than wooden frames. The main reason for that is that they provide much better stability, which is important for large formats and/or multicolor printing. Continue reading Metal screen printing frames »

Wooden screen printing frames

Wooden frames, despite of their many drawbacks, are commonly used for preparing screen printing forms mainly because of their low price. However, because they’re not very stable, they’re usually used for single color, relatively small format print jobs. Continue reading Wooden screen printing frames »

The screen printing form

Screen printing form is a somewhat fancy name for a screen that’s ready for printing, ie. it consists of a frame, a mesh which is the carrier of screen printing stencil, and the screen printing stencil itself. That last term is sometimes used as a synonym for the printing form, but according to most literature, it should apply only to the layer deposited on mesh in order to block it (in practice that’s usually a layer of exposed photosensitive emulsion). Continue reading The screen printing form »

The screen printing process

Screen printing process is the simplest, yet one of the most versatile printing techniques. All that’s needed to create a print is a screen, ink, squeegee and a table. The screen, expertly referred to as screen printing form, is made of finely woven fabric called mesh stretched over wooden or metal frame. Some areas of the mesh are blocked off with a non-permeable material to form a stencil, which is a negative of the image to be printed. A rubber blade called squeegee is then run over the screen to force the ink through the mesh directly onto the substrate, thus creating a print. Continue reading The screen printing process »

History of screen printing

The basic principle behind screen printing process, which is forcing paint or dye through a stencil to create a design, was already known in ancient times in different parts of the world. Early Polynesian Island natives, for example, by cutting shapes into banana leaves were able to transfer stenciled designs onto a bark cloth. Early forms of stenciling were also found in the caves of Lascaux in France and Altamira in Spain. Continue reading History of screen printing »